Josh Seefriedone of the founders of OutServean organization of LGBT troops, revealed his identity after two years of hiding behind a pseudonym. His proposed legislation required all of the chiefs of the armed services to submit the certification at the time required only of the President, Defense Secretary and Joint Chiefs Chairman. Sexual behavior, sexual attraction, and sexual identity in the United States: The Palm Center, a think tank that studies issues of sexuality and the military, released a study in September that found no negative consequences, nor any effect on military effectiveness from DADT repeal. October 15,
The policy prohibited military personnel from discriminating against or harassing closeted homosexual or bisexual service members or applicants, while barring openly gaylesbianor bisexual persons from military service.
Retrieved December 10, And finally, more recent justifications include the potential for conflict between heterosexual and homosexual service members and possible "heterosexual resentment and hostility. Archived from the original on October 10,
Reformers were led by Democratic Congressman Barney Frank of Massachusettswho favored modification but ultimately voted for the defense authorization bill with the gay ban languageand Barry Goldwatera former Republican Senator and a retired Major General,  who argued on behalf of allowing service by open gays and lesbians.