Human Rights Campaign. Clinical research has demonstrated that these approaches are largely ineffective, ignore the impact of social stigmatization on mental health, and in some cases, can be extremely dangerous, particularly for vulnerable youth. They advocated long-term therapy aimed at resolving the unconscious childhood conflicts that they considered responsible for homosexuality. Furthermore, there is no peer-reviewed empirical psychological research demonstrating that homosexuality or bisexuality constitutes a disorder. Gay conversion Australia's secret shame". The first step towards recovery usually requires clients to detox in Los Angeles under medical supervision, and follow-up with a period of intensive therapy at the center.
Retrieved 12 April
The other reason is that readers may take this as a confirmation that all analysis can do is to convince patients that their defects or 'immoralities' do not matter and that they should be happy with them. Archived from the original on July 6, However, they may be misunderstood by therapists who regard their homosexuality as the root cause of any presenting problem such as depression or anxiety.
Psychiatrist Robert Spitzer, a member of the APA's Committee on Nomenclature, played an important role in the events that led to this decision.