In addition to developing their ethnic and sexual identities along different developmental trajectories, the types of oppression faced in the development of these identities differed. Connecting youth with other GBQ male youth of color may be a beneficial form of intervention. Developmental issues and their resolution for gay and lesbian adolescents. Lesbian and gay youth report that educators often did not intervene, even when they witnessed harassment of students perceived to be gay or lesbian Elze, ; Ryan and Rivers, ; Warwich et al. Though verbal forms of racism were most salient and visible to the participants, they also indicated that non-verbal negative experiences also initiated a sense of ethnic identity awareness, such as being glared at and experiencing differential or poor treatment due to their ethnicity. The formation of homosexual identities.
A number of contextual factors at the institutional and community levels were identified that either mitigate or foster bullying of lesbian and gay youth.
Charity Gay H. Guba
Furthermore, participants were interviewed at only one time point, and subsequent interviews were not conducted with youth over time as they developed their identities. Another limitation was that the interview guide did not ask participants to discuss the specific steps in their ethnic and sexual identity development process. He's gonna get it beat down. All codes were entered into NVivo Richards, and tagged to associated segments of text. Additionally, several participants reported being attacked by groups of White individuals, often while venturing into neighborhoods which were predominantly White. The current study provides a beginning framework for understanding the ethnic and sexual identity development processes of GBQ male adolescents.
All codes were entered into NVivo Richards, and tagged to associated segments of text. All 22 participants were actively enrolled in schooling relevant to their age group high school or college. Though research on the identity development process among individuals who are ethnic and sexual minorities has been conducted for individuals who have one minority status or the other, few studies have examined these processes in persons who are both ethnic and sexual minorities. Fifth, the pervasive sexual prejudice embedded in many religious institutions may hold a distinct place in the bullying experiences of lesbian and gay youth. Another limitation was that the interview guide did not ask participants to discuss the specific steps in their ethnic and sexual identity development process. In the case of lesbian and gay youth, however, disclosing a youth's sexual orientation to his or her family might result in more rather than less danger. This powerful institutional context, based on entrenched sexual prejudice—for example, in schools, sports, religious institutions, and shelters—and enshrined in laws and social policies that exclude, negate or discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation, is a crucial factor that may render victimization of lesbian and gay youth distinct.